Teen Anger & Aggression – Causes & Treatment [INFOGRAPHIC]

Sep 18, 2015 Paul Malcore Infographics, Teen Issues, Wellness 8 Comments
teen anger management

Did you know that 1 in 5 teens have anger issues? How do you know if your teen’s anger is getting out of control and what can you do about it? Learn the warning signs for when teen anger may be more than “normal teenage angst” and how to manage anger.

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Teen Anger & Aggression – Causes & Treatment

Teens differ from adults in their ability to read and understand emotions in people’s faces. Adults use the prefrontal cortex or “thinking part” of the brain to read emotional cues, but teenagers rely on the section called the amygdala or “emotion center.” The amygdala processes emotional reactions such as “fight or flight” causing teens to react atypically and display anger aggressively.

Prevalence of Anger in Teens

Anger issues can begin during the toddler years and manifest into reoccurring problems as a child becomes older. An estimated 1 in 5 teenagers have issues managing their anger and it has become one of the most common mental health disorders in adolescents.

Anger management issues can cause teens to:

  1. Make poor decisions
  2. Become argumentative
  3. Develop depression or anxiety
  4. Act out violently
  5. Begin using drugs and alcohol

Boys are three times more likely to develop anger issues than girls. Boys are also more likely to express their anger through violence, acting out in a dangerous and destructive way.

Where Does Teenage Anger Come From?

Amaygdala part of the brain

Anger forms in the amygdala. When large amounts of information are sent to the brain, the amygdala produces hormones that create strong emotions such as physical and emotional alarm. When the prefrontal cortex is fully developed, it dictates an appropriate response to the hormones, usually ignoring the amygdala and preventing outbursts or anger. The problem is that the prefrontal cortex doesn’t fully develop until the mid-20s for many individuals. Until then, the amygdala has the power to dictate responses to the hormonal rush. Without a fully developed prefrontal cortex, the underqualified amygdala often causes teens to act out of control, violent, or angry.

7 Common Anger Disorders

Teenage anger can be short lived or last for extended periods of time. When anger lasts for extended periods of time, it creates anger disorders such as:

  1. Chronic Anger – Chronic anger is prolonged and impacts the immune system. Chronic anger can cause mental disorders such as depression and anxiety. A survey conducted by Psychologist W. Doyle Gentry found 11 percent of teens experienced chronic anger.
  2. Overwhelmed Anger – Overwhelmed anger is caused by life demands that are too much for an individual to handle. 31 percent of teens admitted to feeling overwhelmed in the past month. Overwhelmed anger can lead to depression and anxiety.
  3. Self-Inflicted Anger – Self-inflicted anger is directed towards one’s self and arises from guilt or low self-worth. Self-inflicted anger can lead to self-harm to relieve overwhelming feelings. An estimated 15 percent of the general adolescent population has self-harmed due to overwhelming feelings.
  4. Judgmental Anger – Judgmental anger is directed toward others and creates resentment or jealousy. Judgmental anger may cause teens to put down or verbally abuse others.
  5. Explosive or Volatile Anger – Explosive or volatile anger, also known as Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED), triggers spontaneous excessive anger, culminating into a violent anger or rage that teens may take out on others. A Harvard study found close to six million teens meet the criteria for explosive anger, but only 7 percent of teens displaying explosive or volatile anger were being treated.
  6. Retaliatory Anger – Retaliatory anger is directed towards individuals or organizations that an individual feels have “wronged them.” This anger may cause an individual to direct destructive revenge tactics towards an individual or organization. An estimated 25 percent of anger incidents involve thoughts of revenge.
  7. Passive or Avoidant Anger – Passive anger is usually not obvious and is difficult to identify. Teens displaying passive or avoidant anger are aloof and abnormally silent. A study in Psychology of Violence found participants that did not or could not express their emotions properly had more extensive histories of aggression than those who could express their emotions (Daffern and Bucks 2015).

5 Common Triggers of Anger in Teens

40 percent of teens admit to feeling some sort of anger. Teenage anger is triggered from external and internal situations such as:

  1. Oppression – Being a teenager means more independence and self-identification. This can cause conflicts with authority figures, creating anger in teens.
  2. Social Confusion –Teenagers social lives are complicated. Friends come and go, creating complicated situations that create anger.
  3. Puberty – Hormones released during puberty create many emotions. Puberty can make teens unpredictable and cause difficulties controlling anger.
  4. Stress – Stress comes through social situations, school pressures, and after school activities and often overwhelms teenagers, creating anger.
  5. Hunger – Have you heard the phrase “Hangry?” It’s a real thing! Being “hangry” means being angry due to hunger. “Hanger” occurs when blood-glucose levels fall, making it difficult to function normally, and instead, creating anger.

3 Ways Teens Display Anger

Teens express anger through assertive, passive, or aggressive behaviors.

  1. Assertive – Responding to anger in an assertive way is a productive use of anger. Teens express this through assertive, non-aggressive communication that gets their point across without harm or threat.
  2. Passive – Teens may ignore anger because it makes them feel uncomfortable or threatened. This does not address the problem and increases stress. Passive displays of anger may lead to ulcers.
  3. Aggressive – Teens display anger by acting aggressive or violent toward people, animals, or objects. This damages relationships and creates work or school problems. An estimated two-thirds of teens in the United States have experienced an aggressive anger attack. Aggressive anger can lead to drug or alcohol abuse as well.

Warning Signs of Aggressive Anger in Teens

Teens who struggle with managing their anger can display the following physical and emotional warning signs:

  • Clenching of jaw or grinding teeth
  • Heart rate increasing
  • Headaches
  • Stomach Ache
  • Shaking and Trembling
  • Dizziness
  • Elevated blood pressure
  • Muscle tension
  • Adrenaline Rushes

Teens with aggressive anger issues may also display the following emotional warning signs:

  • Irritation
  • Guilt
  • Resent
  • Anxiety
  • Sadness or Depression

The Consequences of Dealing with Anger Aggressively

When teenagers handle anger aggressively they can become violent and develop other health issues. Approximately 63% of children & teens exhibit serious, aggressive behavior such as:

 

  • Frequent physical fights
  • Vandalism or property destruction
  • Harm towards animals
  • Frequent threats toward others

Violence and aggression create short and long-term health problems. Headaches increase, as does the risk of stroke. Hypertension, social isolation, memory loss, and sleep disorders also occur. Handling anger aggressively may also lead to depression, which affects 20% of teens and is the #1 cause of teenage suicide when left untreated.

Healthy Teenage Anger Management

Only 6.5 percent of teens with aggressive anger management issues receive help.

There are many healthy and effective teenage anger management methods available and should be considered.

1. “RAIN” — an acronym for the following steps:

  • Recognize what’s going on – Consciously acknowledge thoughts, feelings, and emotions. The first step dealing with anger is recognizing its presence.
  • Allow the experience to be there, just as it is – Accept that you are experiencing the emotion. Reacting to troubling situations by numbing oneself or focusing attention elsewhere does not address the problem. If you don’t accept the emotion, you can’t deal with it in a healthy way.
  • Investigate with kindness – Observe what’s going on physically, mentally, and emotionally. What part of your body feels tense, achy, or hot? What are your thoughts? Feelings? Use these questions to get in tune with what is happening within you. A greater understanding will increase your ability to diffuse the situation.
  • Natural Loving Awareness – Natural loving awareness begins when identification of the small self occurs, opening feelings, emotions, and stories. Remember that emotions are fluid and in constant motion. Nothing else is required for the N part of the RAIN technique other than resting in natural awareness.

2. Games

  • RAGE (Regulate And Gain Emotional) Control is a video game similar to the old Space Invaders game. Players wear a monitor on one finger to track heart rates as they play. If that indicator rises, indicating that they’re hyper – players lose the ability to shoot. Only when resting heart-beat levels return do players regain game abilities.
  • Alien Therapy is another video game with bio-feedback capability. If players’ heart rates get too high, the game limits their abilities. Once they calm down, players regain game functionality.
  • Angry Heart is a game that increases self-awareness. A trained educator encourages teenagers to write what makes them angry, place it inside a balloon and tie it up without inflating it. This small balloon represents their heart. They then insert that into a larger balloon which they do inflate. Participants discuss how they may hide feelings from others and how they present themselves to the world. After exploring these issues, participants are encouraged to pop their balloons and may share what makes them angry.

3. Deep Breathing

Deep breathing is another easy, yet effective anger-control method.  It activates the body’s natural “Relaxation Response,” a physical state of rest that decreases heart rate, blood pressure, and muscle tension. Deep breathing does not require a special group or meeting area and can be done on one’s own.

4. Relaxation and Thought Control

Former University of Wisconsin-Green Bay Psychology Major Allie Nelson, talks about the different ways we express anger and how to deal with it.

Don’t Ignore Aggressive Teen Anger

When teens display anger aggressively, they become a risk to themselves as well as others. If your teen displays the warning signs, you have options. Act soon. Remember, almost 7 in 10 teens overcome anger issues with treatment.


8 Responses to Teen Anger & Aggression – Causes & Treatment [INFOGRAPHIC]

  1. JULIO ORTIZ says:

    This is a great valuable and informative information. Would like to continue to expand my knowledge regarding anger management techniques.

    • Paul Malcore says:

      Thank you for the kind words Julio! Feel free to check out some of the links throughout the post. There is a lot of great advice on those pages!

  2. Liz says:

    Where can I get my 16 year old son help for his anger issues. I am having a hard time finding someone to take him too who deals with teenagers.

    • Paul Malcore says:

      Hello Liz,

      Thank you for reaching out to us. Give us a call and we can see what we can do. Call 920-538-2647.

  3. Marie Brand says:

    I am having trouble finding someone for my son to talk too. I’m a single mom, income is low, this is his senior year. I went once this summer to get him help but the people at the office was so rude and not at all nice. I believe he may be messing around with pot too. We live in the 30542 area code so if you can help me find someone I would truly appreciate it.
    Marie Brand

    • Paul Malcore says:

      Hello Marie,

      Thank you for reaching out to us. We’re sorry you haven’t had much luck so far and that the situation isn’t getting any better. We can see if there is anything we can do.

      We just need you to fill out the contact form here: http://www.rawhide.org/who-we-help/professionals/admissions/

      From there, an employee in the counselling department will be in touch with you.

      Thank you again for reaching out to us.

  4. Yoon says:

    I really need help finding someone to talk to my 14 year old son about his issues and direct him to correct path. He lost any motivation to do anything. I am divorced mom and he is not getting along with his dad and will not talk to his dad. I really thinks he needs to talk to someone because he does not talk to me about his issues but I see he is having hard time. I live in SoCal zip code area 92879.

    • Paul Malcore says:

      Hello Yoon,

      Thank you for reaching out.

      We unfortunately do not offer any services in the Southern California area. However, if you do a google search of “Southern California Counselling”, you may be able to find some help.

      We wish you the best and hope you’re able to find the help you and your son need.

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